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First Aid For Hot Weather and Fasting

Posted on: July 21st, 2014 by Gemma

 

If you have the opportunity to enjoy this hot summer weather you need to keep cool and stay hydrated.  Fainting and nosebleeds are common problems during this weather and surviving the warm weather can be a difficult particularly if you are fasting.

 

Nosebleeds

 

Nosebleeds are frequent problems in hot weather as the small blood vessels in noses can dilate and burst when they get warm. They are particularly prevalent for small children, pregnant ladies and also when undertaking sport or additional exertion in the heat. 
If someone has a nose bleed:

 

Sit them down.

 

Grab something to catch the blood.

 

Lean them forward pinching the bridge of the nose. Leaning them forward whilst applying pressure to the nose will allow you to see when the bleeding has stopped and will avoid the blood trickling down the back of their throat which could make them sick. You should apply pressure to try and push the leaking blood vessel against the inside of the nose to stop it bleeding.

 

Keep changing your grip until you have got to a point where no blood is coming out.

 

Keep applying pressure for at least 10 minutes.

 

Release pressure slightly and if it starts to bleed again hold for another 10 minutes and then another.

 

If it really won’t stop bleeding you will need medical help. 
Advise them not to pick, poke or blow the nose. If it starts again you will have to apply pressure once more. 
Special situation! 
If the nosebleed has been caused by trauma, or a punch in the face, controlling the bleeding may be difficult but you need to try, as loss of blood is dangerous. You should apply a wrapped ice pack, keep applying pressure and get medical help immediately.

 

Fainting

 

Fainting is a brief loss of consciousness caused by a temporary reduction to the blood flow of the brain. 

Lie them down and raise their legs on a small box or a couple of cushions. 
 Fainting can be a reaction to pain, lack of food, exhaustion or emotional stress. People often feel faint because it is warm or they have been exercising and then stop; the small blood vessels in their skin have become dilated and the blood begins to pool in their feet. Lying down and raising the legs will improve the circulation and redirect the blood to the brain. They should begin to feel better or regain consciousness quickly – if they don’t, you will need to put them into the recovery position.

 

They may need to eat and drink something in order to recover completely. If you are concerned that the collapse may be due to anything other than a faint (such as a stroke), or they have injured themselves when they fell – get medical assistance.

 

Health advice for people fasting in hot weather: 

 

Hot weather brings additional challenges to people wishing to observe their fast during Ramadan. The key advice is to be sensible and don’t put your health at risk. The following articles contain really helpful advice in remaining healthy whilst fasting

 

NHS advice for people fasting in the heat during Ramadan

 

We strongly recommend that you attend a practical first aid course to ensure you understand what to do in a medical emergency.  For more information click on to www.a1trainingsolutions.com or email info@a1trainingsolutions.com